Persimmon is a delicious fruit that provides us with nutrients with properties that are very healthy for our health. Find out everything about these autumn fruits.
What is Persimmon?
Because of its appearance, it is very similar to the tomato. We will see that it also shares some of its nutritional properties.
This tropical fruit is also known as palo santo. Its weight varies between 80 and 250 grams.
Inside it has a pulp of a soft orange color. Besides being sweet, it is very juicy.
Origin of Persimmon
It is native to Asia, more specifically to regions of China and Japan. Furthermore, it has been cultivated in these countries since the 8th century.
The Chinese variety spread rapidly throughout Asia and, thanks to the expansion of cultures and trade, throughout the world.
Nowadays, persimmon is grown practically all in Asia, mainly in China, Korea and Japan. Likewise, Asia currently produces 96% of world production where China leads it.
However, in regions of Europe, South America, Oceania and North America, it is also cultivated, but in much less quantity.
In Spain, the season for these foods runs from October to December. However, it can be extended in the period from September to January. It can vary according to the season and the type of variety.
You can check the calendar of the fruit season to be able to consume these foods at their most optimal moment. In addition, when they are in season they provide us with more benefits for our health, they have a better aroma and are tastier , among other advantages.
Types of Persimmons
The main differences between the different types of persimmons are in size and taste.
There are three species of consumption, among which stand out: the persimmon from China (D. Kaki), the one from Japan (D. Lotus) and the American (D. Virginiana).
Persimmon from china
The Chinese persimmon (D. kaki) is the most widely cultivated variety . In addition, its mode of consumption is very varied. Likewise, it is eaten both raw as an ingredient in different recipes.
Being somewhat larger than the American variety, it measures between 3 and 9 cm in diameter. In addition, its weight is also slightly higher and varies between 80 and 250 grams.
It has a red, orange or yellow color, in relation to its carotene content. As well as an orange, sweet and juicy pulp.
This variety is the most common in our markets.
Persimmon from japan
The Japanese persimmon (D. lotus) is very similar to the Chinese variety. Instead, it is grown mainly in the Far East and in Italy.
The American persimmon or Virginia persimmon (D. virginiana) has a smaller size that can measure between 2 and 5 cm in diameter. However, it has a yellow or orange color.
This variety has no production. In this way, it is usually obtained from wild trees.
It is mandatory to talk about Kaki Persimon. Persimon kakis have Ribera del Xúquer PDO. In this region of Valencia, a quality kaki is grown and also has the designation of origin.
The Persimon kaki, typical of the Spanish Levante, has a bright red appearance and has made a very identifiable name in our markets. In addition, Persimon kaki can be found in Spanish markets from October to January, always depending on the weather of the season.
How to buy persimmons?
They are very delicate fruits so they deteriorate easily due to handling.
When buying, we have to check that they are in their optimal state of maturity. In this way, we must discard those that have green color. Also, pay special attention to their appearance, that they are not beaten.
As we have already mentioned, it is a very fragile and delicate fruit. At the time of eating it it has to be at its ideal ripeness point , which is very ripe.
If it is whole or unripe, it is recommended to keep it for a few days at room temperature and without direct light.
As we have recommended in other fruits, there is a trick that helps speed up ripening. This trick is about wrapping it in newspaper. We can also accompany them with others such as banana or apple.
If, on the other hand, the fruits are already ripe, we must keep them in the refrigerator.
In addition, we can keep them for a long period of time in the freezer. It is only recommended to add a dash of lemon so that they do not oxidize in the process.
How do you eat persimmon?
These fruits are usually eaten raw and in season. In this way, we take advantage of all its nutritional properties that are very beneficial for our health.
We have to pay special attention that it is at its exact point of maturity. Therefore, this futa is eaten very ripe. In this way, it is really delicious and very nutritious.
For this reason, when it is very ripe, we can cut it in half with our fingers and eat its pulp with a teaspoon. On the other hand, if it is a little more whole, we can peel it and eat it chopped or sliced.
Likewise, it is an ideal ingredient for our recipes. We can make a great variety of delicious recipes with this fruit.
Do you eat the skin of persimmons?
We can peel them with a knife just like other fruits. In addition, we can eat its pulp discarding the skin. However, persimmon skin is edible and contains many nutrients.
For example, almost 10 times more carotenoids are concentrated in the skin than in the pulp, which disappears as it matures.
Likewise, the tiannins are also concentrated in the skin. Likewise, if we eat the skin, we will also consume a good amount of insoluble fiber, essential for a good intestinal transit.
Although it may seem incredible, persimmons have up to twice the amount of fiber than apples.
Persimmon provides us with carbohydrates in the form of fructose and glucose. In addition, they provide us with soluble fibers such as pectin and mucilage.
It is also rich in antioxidants : provitamin A or beta-carotene, vitamin C. It also provides us with other vitamins such as vitamin B6, K and vitamin E.
As for minerals, manganese stands out and to a lesser extent copper, potassium, magnesium and phosphorus.
Average nutritional value per 100 grams of Persimmon
|Vitamin A||0,3 mg|
|Vitamin B1||0,02 mg|
|Vitamin B2||0,02 mg|
|Vitamin B3||0,3 mg|
|C vitamin||16 mg|
Persimmon is a recommended fruit for the whole family. It has a delicious flavor that you always like. In addition, it is a fruit rich in vitamins, minerals and other nutrients with many health benefits.
Among the benefits we can highlight the following:
1. Natural depurative
It is a fruit with a large amount of water. As a consequence, it is a purifying fruit that helps us eliminate toxins that our body has excess.
2. Improves intestinal transit
Its soluble fiber content makes this fruit favorable for people with constipation problems.
In the case of the ripe fruit, the pectin and mucilage retain water, increasing the volume of the stool facilitating its evacuation.
On the contrary, when it is not ripe, it is rich in tannins that have an astringent effect. It is recommended in cases of diarrhea.
3. For cholesterol
Likewise, thanks to pectin and mucilages, it helps retain and eliminate bad cholesterol found in the digestive tract.
Having too much LDL cholesterol in our circulatory system can increase the risk of heart disease. Of course, a diet rich in fruits and vegetables can reduce the risk of these diseases by lowering cholesterol. Above all, thanks to the fact that these foods are rich in dietary fiber.
A study conducted in adults who ate persimmon fiber for 12 weeks experienced a significant reduction in LDL cholesterol. 
4. Protect Vision
Persimmons offer an exceptionally high level of lutein and zeaxanthin, two forms of beta-carotene that tend to accumulate in the retina.
According to the NIH, these compounds act as antioxidants, protecting against vision loss due to age-related macular degeneration. 
Additionally, the vitamin C and vitamin E content of persimmons also protects against oxidative damage.
5. Healthy bones, skin and hair
It provides us with beta carotene or provitamin A, which is transformed into vitamin A as the body needs it.
This vitamin is favorable for the health of bones, skin, hair, mucous membranes.
8. Favorable for anemia
It also provides us with vitamin C that is involved in the formation of bones, teeth, and collagen.
In addition, it favors the absorption of iron from food. Highly recommended for people suffering from anemia or for women with heavy menstruation.
9. Natural energetic
Thanks to the contribution of carbohydrates such as fructose and glucose, it is a natural energy source .
10 Antioxidant fruit
Vitamins A and C are powerful antioxidants that help us keep free radicals at bay.
11. Nourishes the nervous system
They provide us with group B vitamins such as B1 and B2. Consequently, they favor a correct functioning of the nervous system.
12. Cardiovascular problems
The potassium in persimmons generates the nerve impulse and normal muscular activity. In addition, thanks to its potassium content and low sodium intake, it is recommended for people suffering from high blood pressure and cardiovascular conditions.
Persimmons contain tannins and flavonoid antioxidants. These nutrients benefit heart health by lowering blood pressure, lowering inflammation, and lowering cholesterol levels.
In addition, the flavonoids that are related to the decrease in the probability of suffering from heart disease. 
Likewise, the beta-carotene that this fruit contains are also beneficial to reduce the risk of suffering from a disease related to the heart. 
Persimmons are recommended for the consumption of all people. However, we have to take certain precautions.
It is a fruit rich in potassium. Therefore, people who suffer from real insufficiency have to moderate their consumption .
Likewise, people who suffer from any type of diabetes also have to take into account that it is a fruit with a high sugar content.
In any case, we always recommend that you consult your doctor or a nutritionist to study the specific case.
Persimmon is an autumn fruit that is delicious and that provides us with different benefits for our health. If you have not tried it, from Fruta Pasión we recommend that you do so. You will enjoy a delicious and essential fruit in our diet.