An innovative and curious weight loss plan, the Sonda Diet , created by Spanish doctors Dr. Jorge Planas and Dr. Manuel Sánchez, also has its shocking side, since both health professionals assure that it can be lost weight in just ten days, no rebound effect and patients learn a new way of eating so as not to gain the lost kilos.
With two phases or stages for its realization , the Probe Diet is fundamentally based on providing the body with only the necessary fats and proteins, eliminating carbohydrates, so for many health specialists it is an unhealthy weight loss plan.
The current trend indicates that diet and immediacy go hand in hand but also leave health aside. For this reason, experts repeat incessantly that losing weight takes time, especially if you ultimately want to stay at your ideal weight.
Currently there are clinics in Europe that offer the Probe Diet method to lose weight quickly.
The plan, with a duration of 24 days, has a cost of about 4000 euros, being that the diet begins in the clinic for a maximum of 10 days and continues in its second phase at the patient’s home through a food re-education .
What is the Probe Diet
This innovative and also controversial weight loss method was born in the United States and because it promises that you can lose about 10 kilos in less than a month, many people consider following this plan and looking for information about it.
As it is a weight loss plan that leaves the known parameters, it is necessary to place a nasogastric tube, it requires constant medical supervision and it is generally recommended that all treatment be carried out in a clinic.
A diet that is gaining more adherents every day and that some specialists qualify as “extreme but not harmful” can be a simple method to lose weight, there are organizations such as the Spanish Association of Nutritionist Dietitians (AEDN) that advise against it because it is a miracle diet that it can cause harmful effects to health.
How to do the Probe Diet
So that the patient can feed himself but also lose weight, a nasogastric tube connected to a backpack is placed. The tube is placed through the nose and reaches the stomach and with this the body receives the nutrients it needs daily through a pump.
During the first stage of the Probe Diet, the patient does not eat any food, but to compensate, he receives supplements that are equivalent to 800 calories a day.
The Probe Diet has a total duration of 24 days divided into two stages, although the second phase is not mandatory and the most important thing is that no solid food can be consumed.
According to health experts, the placement of the probe is painless and does not cause discomfort. The catheter can be detached from the backpack for about 15 minutes a day to allow basic activities such as showering.
As for the two phases of the Probe Diet, it should be noted that the first stage lasts 10 days and the probe is attached to a backpack that the patient always carries with him.
Those who not only want to lose weight but also want to make sure they do not suffer the dreaded “rebound effect” or regain fat, should do the second phase.
In it, the chest tube is withdrawn and they are gradually resumed to a normal or solid diet, and the patient is instructed with special information on the concepts of healthy eating.
During the second rehabilitation phase, the patient begins to eat solid foods and nutritional supplements.
The aim of this plan is for the person to create new eating habits, such as learning to chew, that is, how and what to eat so as not to suffer the dreaded “rebound effect”.
To understand how the Probe Diet works, it is necessary to be clear about the concept of ketosis.
It is a side effect of all low carbohydrate diets that causes the body to mobilize stored fat producing the substance called ketone.
What to eat on the Probe Diet
In reality, those who follow the Probe Diet do not ingest any solid food during the duration of the treatment, which is why most doctors speak of an extreme diet.
This feeding system is usually used to feed comatose patients
also in some cases of anorexia or for cancer patients who receive chemotherapy and have difficulty eating.
Based on this type of diet and this way of ingesting nutrients, the Probe Diet known by the acronym KE (Ketogenic Enteral) became popular thanks to Oliver di Pietro who from his Miami clinic, who defends the principle that his patients they do not go hungry because the food supply is constant.
The backpack that connects to the backpack that the patient carries is loaded with all the nutritional elements that the body needs on a daily basis.
This mixture is composed of carbohydrates, fats and proteins, all mixed in turn with vitamins, water, electrolytes and trace elements.
After completing the two-phase plan of the Probe Diet, the patient who has followed it will return to a normal diet but with a balanced menu that should always be followed, avoiding eating foods and high-calorie products.
Variants Artisanal Diet and Industrialized Diet
There are two variants in the Probe Diet that are related to the preparation of food to be consumed daily.
There is the artisan or prepared with natural foods, processed or shaken in the blender until it acquires a consistency that can pass through the probe or the industrialized with powders that are diluted in water or in the form of liquids.
Depending on whether you opt for artisanal preparation or industrialized products, there are other factors that can influence the decision since both options have their differences and benefits.
Thus, in the case of artisanal, prepared with natural and fresh food, it can be stored for more than a day, while industrialized products only begin to lose their validity after opening the packaging.
On a daily basis, it is necessary to prepare new artisan meals in the event that you choose to prepare food for the probe at home.
Therefore, for those who do not have enough time or have someone specialized for this task, it becomes more practical to consume the prepackaged preparations for tube feeding.
The cost of the Probe Diet preparing meals at home is higher than industrialized ones, which also have the advantage of not having the risk of contamination as if it could happen with homemade preparations.
Contraindications of the Probe Diet
A controversial diet, that of the probe, proposes that a person eats through a tube inserted into the nose that reaches the stomach, for ten days his body only receives 800 calories a day.
Although until today there are no studies on the contraindications that this method can cause, however its detractors warn that there are risks such as:
- Risk of dehydration.
- Risk of generating kidney stones.
- Frequent headaches
Advantages and disadvantages of the Probe Diet
It should be remembered that in the first days of the Probe Diet, as with all short-term weight loss plans, the body loses fat but also water and vital proteins.
As a consequence of the aforementioned, once the probe diet is finished, the weight can recover quickly unless a good diet reeducation plan is carried out.
The consequence is that there may be a greater weight gain than when starting the diet and in general the weight regain is usually as fast as the loss.
But let’s look at the pros and cons of the Probe Diet:
Advantages of the Probe Diet
- Weight loss occurs in a short time.
Disadvantages of the probe diet
- Necessary nutrients such as vitamins or minerals are suppressed.
- It is a so-called dissociated diet but so aggressive that it forces the body into ketosis, which means that the body burns fat deposits.
- It has risks derived from carrying a nasogastric tube and can cause post-implantation trauma and narrowing of the esophagus due to scarring.
Conclusions on the Probe Diet
The best diet recommended by nutrition and dietetic specialists is a personalized, effective and risk-free plan, as only then can you guarantee the recovery of the appropriate weight in the medium and long term.
The ideal is to follow a varied and balanced diet adapted to the individual characteristics of each person within a healthy lifestyle in which correct physical activity is essential.
According to Albert Goday, vice president of the Spanish Society for the Study of Obesity and head of the Endocrinology Section of the Hospital del Mar in Barcelona, the advertising carried out on the Sonda Diet is not consistent with previous studies that prove its effectiveness and security.
Also, nutrition specialists warn about this diet of the probe as a miracle diet because it promises easy weight loss without effort and that those who do it can lose many kilos in a short time.
But if we add to the above that the use of the nasogastric tube should only be limited to people who cannot be nourished in any other way or to those who have undergone a surgical intervention and require this system as part of their recovery, it would not be good to recommend it to people who do not suffer from these problems.
Losing weight in a healthy way requires effort, perseverance and substantial changes in eating habits in the medium and long term, also increasing physical activity by reducing foods that provide many calories.
A balanced eating plan, putting into practice some tricks to learn to buy and cook food, re-educate the patient who suffers from obesity and teach him to eat well, in addition to walking at least one hour a day, are more reasonable alternatives than undergoing a diet that until now has no scientific rigor.
Sources and References:
- Valley University
The Cetogénica diet
- University of Santiago de Compostela
Metabolic and hormonal changes associated with moderate ketosis induced by a hypocaloric ketogenic diet
- Digital Repository of the University of Barcelona
Therapeutic diets, concepts, controversies and errors