Strawberry, properties and benefits of this fruit

The strawberry is a delicious fruit that falls in love with its appearance and its surprising nutritional properties that are very beneficial for our health.

What is strawberry?

The fragaria ( Fragaria vesca) , more commonly known as strawberry or strawberry is the fruit of the plant of the same name, of the Rosaceae family.

The strawberry is classified within semi-acidic fruits such as mandarin , guava or quince  and stands out for its very striking bright red color. In addition to its appearance, its smell is very striking. It is a very fragrant fruit with a very particular fragrance.

Origin of the strawberry

The strawberry ( Fragaria vesca) is known to be with us since time immemorial. The wild strawberry is believed to have come from the Alps. Although it has been known since prehistoric times, there are historical data that show the consumption of strawberries by cultures as important as the Greek or Roman.

The strawberries that we currently consume in our homes are not the ones consumed by ancient cultures. It is a different variety that comes from the American continent.

These fruits were introduced to Europe by settlers between the 18th or 19th centuries. These varieties were much larger, although with a less intense flavor. It was not until a few years later, when it was possible to cross varieties, obtaining the variety that we currently know. A delicious fruit, larger, meaty and very fragrant.

Strawberry production

Europe is the epicenter of world production of these fruits. Almost half of all production is concentrated on this continent. This is due to the high demand for these foods. Increased consumption not only for its taste but also for its healthy nutritional properties for our health.

The American continent closely follows Europe. Between Central America and North America they produce almost 30% of the total world production.

With respect to Spain, the vast majority of production is concentrated in Andalusia, specifically in Huelva.

Strawberry season

Strawberry is a seasonal fruit. In Spain, the season is centered between the months of February and May. There are years when the season can be extended, starting in January and ending in June.

On the other hand, intensive greenhouse crops are increasingly being used and strawberries can be grown throughout the year.

We always recommend consuming fruits in season, since this way we can enjoy a great variety of fruits with different healthy properties.

You can check the calendar of the fruit season to be able to consume these foods at their most optimal moment. In addition, when they are in season they provide us with more benefits for our health, they have a better aroma and are tastier , among other advantages.

How is the strawberry preserved?

When we buy strawberries it is important that we identify if they are of good quality. For this we must choose them thick, shiny with the appearance that they are fresh with the stems intact. It is a very delicate food that spoils very easily.

It is important that we know how to preserve the strawberries that we buy , since it is a very delicate and perishable breath. When we buy a large quantity of strawberries, we can use them, in addition to eating them raw, to make different recipes for jams, preserves or fruit smoothies.

The fruits do not stop ripening when they are picked. For this reason we have to follow the following tips so that they last us for more days in perfect condition.

Keeping the strawberry in the refrigerator

Although it seems obvious, we can get confused and leave these foods out of the refrigerator. It is important to refrigerate them for conservation. Leaving them at room temperature for a day can be catastrophic.

We recommend this article:   Peach, properties of peach

Discard the brown strawberries

When storing them, it is a good idea to do a quick check to identify if there are any spots. If we identify any that have mold, we discard it so that it does not affect the others. The discarded, we can clean and consume them that same day.

Do not wash the fruit when storing it

To store strawberries, it is not recommended to wash them. We only have to wash them when we are going to consume them. Humidity can affect its conservation. If we find any affected part, we just have to cut it with a knife to clean the area.

The container is important

If we use a large container where they are aired and separated from each other, we can make them keep for longer. In this container we can put a kitchen paper base to absorb moisture and delay the appearance of mold.

Frozen strawberries

If we buy a lot of quantity and we think that we cannot consume all of them, we can always freeze them. We can use them later to make different recipes or to make our favorite fruit smoothies.

It is recommended, in this case, to wash them and remove the green part before freezing.

How do you eat strawberry?

We recommend that fruits are always eaten curd and fresh in order to take advantage of all their beneficial properties for our health.

In the case of strawberries, we will not make an exception. The queens of fruits as this food is known in many western regions.

It can also be eaten in the form of jam, compote or other desserts. In addition to different smoothies or ice creams, we can make strawberry gazpacho recipes or add them to salad recipes.

Types of strawberries

We have to distinguish the strawberry from the strawberry. The first grows wild in different forests. We can find it in the wild in different forests of Europe.

When we talk about what we usually consume and what we can usually find in our markets, we are referring to the strawberry. It is a hybrid fruit with a size greater than the one that grows wild.

Among them we can find the following varieties:

Queen of the valleys

Slightly smaller in size than the average variety. It is whitish red in color with variable intensity and sweet taste. It is the variety that we find most frequently in the Spanish markets.


They are larger in size than the average cone-shaped varieties and have a not very intense red color. It adapts to all types of soils and for this reason it is very productive.


It stands out for its bright red color with a slightly fuller pulp.


Intense and bright red in color, it is larger than the average size. Its origin is from the American continent, more specifically from California.

Big Bear

Like the Camarosa, it comes from California. Its color is more orange and its shape is more flattened.


It stands out for its sweetness and its bright red color. It is conical in shape and very uniform in size.

We eat

Its size is more elongated than the average and conical in shape. This variety stands out for its resistance.


It is the latest variety that can last until September.


Unlike the previous ones, this one is round in shape and not very intense in color.

Strawberry properties

They are fruits with properties that are ideal to include in our diet. We can highlight that they provide us with few calories , since they have a lot of water content. They also provide us with carbohydrates that are mainly sugars (fructose, glucose and xylitol) and simple fibers.

In addition, fibers can help us regulate intestinal transit. A 100 gram serving of strawberries provides us with approximately 2 grams of soluble and insoluble fiber.

Similarly, they have a low glycemic index (GI) , about 40. Therefore, they should not cause large spikes in blood sugar levels.

It is a source of vitamin C and vitamin E ,. In addition, both are antioxidant vitamins that are very beneficial to keep free radicals that accumulate in our body at bay.

Likewise, they also provide us with other nutrients such as citric acid with disinfectant properties and vitamin C enhancer. Salicylic acid, which is an anti-inflammatory. Minerals such as potassium which is essential for the optimal functioning of the nervous system and muscles.

We recommend this article:   African mango, fruit for weight control

Nutritional value per 100 grams of fresh strawberry

Calories35 kcal
Carbohydrates7,2 g
Fiber2,3 g
C vitamin60 mg
Vitamin E0,3 g
Folic acid64 mg
Potassium150 mg
Magnesium14 mg
Football29 mg

Strawberry benefits

As we have already discussed, strawberries provide us with a variety of essential nutrients in our diet.

We list some of its benefits.

1. Intestinal regulator

Being rich in fibers they help us regulate intestinal transit. Additionally, dietary fibers are important for nourishing the beneficial bacteria in your gut and improving digestive health. [1]

They are also useful for weight loss and can help prevent many diseases.

2. Ideal for weight loss diets

As we have already mentioned, 100 grams of strawberries provide us with only 35 kcal. Therefore, its consumption in a weight loss diet can help us with our purpose.

Due to their high water content, consuming them helps us to experience a satiating sensation.

We have to take into account that the calories vary if we add sugar, whipped cream or any other type of sweetener.

In addition, it is a source of anthocyanins, a type of antioxidant that increases the body’s production of a hormone called adiponectin. This hormone promotes metabolism and suppresses appetite. It could also induce fat burning. [2]

3. Natural depurative

These fruits have a purifying and diuretic effect because they stimulate urination. Consequently, it helps in the elimination of toxins through the urine. Therefore, it is a good diuretic favorable to combat fluid retention.

4. Natural antioxidant

They are foods with a high content of vitamin C, which is a powerful antioxidant. In addition, it is rich in citric acid that increases the properties of vitamin C. It also has other antioxidants such as flavonoids and vitamin E.

As it is a natural antioxidant, it helps us to delay the oxidation of our body and to balance the presence of free radicals. An imbalance of free radicals can cause us health problems such as degenerative diseases, among others.

6. For a healthy heart

Heart disease is the most common cause of death on the entire planet. Therefore, it is essential to eat a healthy diet rich in fruits and vegetables.

Strawberries are in the group of berries that various studies link their consumption with good heart health. [3]

7. They strengthen our natural defenses

These berries are rich in vitamin C. In fact, they provide us with more vitamin C than an orange.

It has been revealed in different studies that vitamin C triggers antibodies that stimulate the immune system. Consequently, they improve your body’s ability to fight infection. [4]

8. It can fight inflammation

Strawberries are rich in vitamin C, which plays an important role in preventing inflammation. [5]

9. Favorable for blood sugar control

Strawberry is a food that seems likely to slow down the digestion of glucose, reducing the spikes in glucose and insulin after eating foods rich in carbohydrates. [6]

As a consequence, the consumption of strawberries can be favorable for people suffering from type 2 diabetes.

10. Helps us regulate cholesterol

Strawberries are known to contain pectin. A study shows that this type of soluble fiber reduces the levels of LDL (bad cholesterol) in the body. [7]


As a result of everything explained, we find ideal fruits to add to our diet . The strawberry, in addition to being a delicious fruit, provides us with the necessary nutrients to consider it healthy breath.

Ellie Lauderdale

My name is Ellie Lauderdale, MD and I am USA based professional Nutritionist .

I am a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist and board certified specialist in sports dietetics who is trained in integrative medicine. I have worked with hundreds of clients, from those suffering with chronic disease to professional and olympian athletes. My goal is to help optimize you from the inside so that you can feel, perform, and look your best on the outside.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.